Side Air Bags – Protection in Near Side Impacts

  • Published: Center for Injury Sciences, University of Alabama, 2004
  • Authors: S. Moran
  • Date Added: 04 Feb 2013
  • Last Update: 20 Mar 2013
  • Format: pdf

Objectives:

Study in to effectiveness of side-impact safety features in US cars.

Methodology:

Review of vehicles involved in side impact RTIs and the injuries that can be caused.

Key Findings:

  • In near-side impact multi-vehicle RTIs, front seat drivers and passengers in vehicles with side air bags have lower risk of head & thoracic injury than those in vehicles without.

  • Head side airbag could give a 45 per cent risk of fatality reduction in near-side impact RTIs.

  • Chest side airbag could give 11 per cent risk of fatality reduction in near-side impact RTIs.

  • Future research is needed to determine if side airbags reduce the risk of specific injuries (e.g., head and chest injury).

Themes:

Side Impact, Airbags, Side Airbags

Comments:

Study Limitations:

  • Information on actual Side Airbags deployment not reliably available in CDS data files.
  • Thus, Side Airbags availability used as a surrogate for Side Airbags deployment.
  • Side Airbags as standard versus optional equipment.
  • Only front seat occupants were studied.