The Older Child Pedestrian Casualty (Development Department Research Programme Research Findings No. 54)

  • Published: Carole Millar Research prepared for The Scottish Government., 1998
  • Authors: Carole Millar Research
  • Date Added: 15 Mar 2013
  • Last Update: 15 Mar 2013
  • Format: html


The Scottish Office commissioned research to explore the patterns of casualties amongst older child pedestrians in Scotland with a view to informing road safety campaigns.


The study was undertaken primarily through the use of STATS19 data. Records examined were from the period of 1994-1996. They included 3,290 casualty records of 5-11 year olds and 1926 records of 12-15 year olds. More detailed textual data was available for 277 RTIs which provide more information on the incident.

Key Findings:

  • The pedestrian casualty rate for boys is consistently higher than for girls across all age groups.

  • The casualty rate for boys peaks at age 11 and for girls at age 12. It then declines by age for both sexes, although more markedly for boys.

  • As children get older, the proportion of RTIs occurring on a Friday or Saturday rises steadily from 29 per cent at age 12 to 38 per cent at age 15.

  • Teenagers are more likely than younger children to become a casualty in the evening. By the age of 15 years old, the time between 7.00pm and 11.00pm accounts for almost the same proportion of casualties as the afternoon.

  • Teenagers are more likely than younger children to be involved in a RTI at a further distance from school or home and to become a casualty on busier and faster roads.

  • The underlying causal behaviours and circumstances of RTIs are quite different for boys and girls. The most common factor contributing to the road traffic incident was running and this was much more evident amongst male than female casualties.


Teenager, Road safety, Statistics


Robust, highlights important information about the increased exposure of teenagers to environments where RTIs are more likely.