Modelling the effects of land use and temporal factors on child pedestrian casualties

  • Published: Accident Analysis and Prevention, Volume 41, 2009
  • Authors: D. Dissanayake, J. Aryaijab, D.M.P. Wedagamac
  • Date Added: 11 Jul 2013
  • Last Update: 11 Jul 2013
  • Format: pdf

Objectives:

To investigate the relationship between land use and transport is used to establish a link between land use and child pedestrian travel; trip attractors and generators are considered as variables that lead child pedestrians to exposure to high risk environments.

Methodology:

Casualty records forNewcastle upon Tynewere analysed to reveal trends of temporal variation of child pedestrian casualty numbers. Land use data was combined with the casualty data using GIS techniques to generate relevant inputs for the analysis. Six Generalised Linear Models (GLMs) were developed to analyse the association of child pedestrian casualty numbers and trip attractor land use types.

Key Findings:

  • The results show that secondary retail and high density residential land use types are associated with all child pedestrian casualties. In addition, educational sites, junction density, primary retail and low density residential land use types are also associated with child casualties at different time periods of the day and week.

  • All models predict that secondary retail is positively associated with child casualties.

  • According to the results, high density land use is negatively associated with child pedestrian casualties. It predicts that according to the results, high density land use is negatively associated with child pedestrian casualties.

  • The study findings are found to concur with the current child road safety policies in Great Britain and will, in fact, provide some guidance for local authorities to deliver successful child road safety audits.

  • The study finds that the association of child pedestrian casualties to land use can reveal important linkages where underlying characteristics are likely to be causative factors of such casualties.

Themes:

Land use, Child Pedestrians, Road safety audits.

Comments:

Highlights the importance of considering land use in relation to road safety.

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