European advanced driver training programs: Reasons for optimism

  • Published: IATSS research, 34(2), 72-79, 2011
  • Authors: Washington, S., Cole, R. J., & Herbel, S. B.
  • Date Added: 01 Feb 2014
  • Last Update: 01 Feb 2014
  • Format: html


To summarise European approach to driver training and contrast it with North American approach.


Review of European practice.

Key Findings:

  • European practice has moved away from vehicle control skills to focus instead on teaching drivers about self-assessment and anticipation of risk.


Driver education, motor vehicle safety, advanced driver training programs, insight based training, teen drivers, novice drivers.