The effect of tire grip on learning driving skill and driving style: A driving simulator study

  • Published: Transportation research part F: traffic psychology and behaviour, 15(4), 413-426, 2012
  • Authors: De Groot, S., Centeno Ricote, F., & De Winter, J. C. F.
  • Date Added: 01 Feb 2014
  • Last Update: 01 Feb 2014
  • Format: html


To examine the effects of degrading performance (in this case reduced tyre grip) during training on later retention.


Simulator trial with four training drivers (with low, medium or high grip) followed by transfer drives (one the same day, one the next day) with normal grip tyres.

Key Findings:

  • Reduced tyre grip during training led to lower speeds in transfer drives.


Driver training, driving skill, driving style, retention performance, driving simulator.


This simulator study is interesting in that it potentially shows how giving drivers insight into their limitations can lead to these drivers taking greater care (by reducing speed).