Interventions to maintain mobility: What works?

  • Published: Accid Anal Prev. In press.
  • Authors: Ross, L.A., E.L. Schmidt, and K. Ball.
  • Date Added: 04 Feb 2014
  • Last Update: 04 Feb 2014
  • Format: html

Objectives:

The purpose of the study was to review the literature available on interventions for maintaining mobility.

Methodology:

An electronic search of PubMed was carried out using a systematic combination of three qualifiers: targeted intervention approaches, dependent variable of interest, and a sample qualifier (i.e. ‘older adult’). Only research in English between 1990 and 2012 that met pre-established criteria was considered for review.

Key Findings:

  • 81 articles met the criteria set out by the authors.

  • The interventions could be classified under three types: cognitive training, educational interventions and exercise.

  • Most studies identified were evaluating exercise-based interventions, though these were diverse in terms of content, presentation, and duration. In addition, only one study used driving performance as the outcome measure.

  • Authors conclude that cognitive training and exercise-based interventions hold the most promise, though more research is needed to develop personalised interventions for drivers with different levels of difficulty.

Keywords:

Mobility; Intervention; Training; Older adults; Driving; Lifespan

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