Traffic Safety Facts: Children: 2011 Data

  • Published: National Highway Traffic Safety Administration, 2013
  • Authors: National Highway Traffic Safety Administration
  • Date Added: 07 Dec 2015
  • Last Update: 07 Dec 2015
  • Format: pdf

Objectives:

To analyse and present data about child road fatalities in the USA.

Methodology:

Analysis of child fatality data in the USA.

Key Findings:

  • Motor vehicle crashes were the leading cause of death for children aged 4 years, and aged between 11 and 14 years.

  • 1,140 children aged 14 years or younger were killed on USA roads in 2011, 4% of total road deaths.

  • Lap and shoulder seat belts reduce the risk of death for front seat car occupants aged 5 or older by 45%, and reduce the risk of moderate to critical injury by 50%.

  • Research on child safety seats has found that they reduce the risk of fatal injuries by 71% for infants (under 1 year old) and by 54% for toddlers (1 – 4 years old) in cars.

  • In 2011, 663 children under 5 years old were saved by restraints, 245 of whom were using child safety seats, and 18 were using seat belts. A further 51 lives could have been saved if child safety seat use was 100%.

  • Between 1975 and 2001, an estimated 9,874 lives (children under 5 years old) were saved by child safety seats.

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