Enforcement in the EU – Vision 2020
- Published: European Transport Safety Council (ETSC), 2015
- Authors: European Transport Safety Council (ETSC)
- Date Added: 12 Feb 2016
- Last Update: 12 Feb 2016
To set out the action the EU and the Member States need to take to achieve a high level of enforcement of traffic law to save lives across the EU by 2020.
The European Commission adopted a new target to halve road deaths by 2020 and, in its Transport White Paper in 2001, a ‘Vision Zero’ for 2015. In order to achieve the 2020 target the EU will have to go above and beyond current reduction trends. Enforcement is a means to prevent collisions from happening by way of persuading drivers to comply with the safety rules.
A number of recommendations were made, including:
Prepare enforcement plans with yearly targets for enforcement and compliance in the areas of speeding, drink and drug driving and seat belt use.
Adopt a ‘Zero Tolerance’ approach to enforcing the three priority areas of road safety legislation.
Ensure greater convergence in enforcement of road safety related road traffic rules and develop common minimum standards.
To address speeding, the recommendations include: conducting mobile checks; using fixed cameras in places where speeding causes a high level of collisions; channel revenues from camera enforcement back into road safety work; collect speeding rates for all types of three times a year; improve enforcement of speeding of PTWs by improving number plate visibility and accuracy of speed detection; use average speed cameras in places where speeding over appreciable distances is a problem; incorporate speeding offences in penalty point systems, and make sure that levels of penalty escalate as the level of speeding above a speed limit increases; and monitor development of speed patterns (mean speed and 85 percentile) and publish regular overviews of change of different road users.
To address drink driving, the recommendations include: introduce targeted breath testing to complement enforcement based on suspicion; intensify enforcement of drink driving laws by setting targets for minimum level of alcohol checks of the motorist population; introduce obligatory testing for alcohol in all collision dealt with by the Police and collect quarterly rates of drink driving and/or rates of traffic deaths from collisions involving drivers over the limit.
Introduce random drugs testing with zero-tolerance approach for illicit drugs (testing for presence of a drug) with a blood/urine/saliva tester. Combine this with an impairment approach for other psychoactive substances.
For seat belt wearing, the recommendations are to conduct intensive seat belt use actions of 1-4 weeks, which must take place at least twice a year and collect yearly seat belt wearing rates for the various road and occupant categories (driver, front and rear passengers)
Enforcement, Policy, Leadership
Actions required to achieve a high level of traffic law enforcement across the EU.