Crash Mitigation and Collision Avoidance

Crash Mitigation and Collision Avoidance

How Effective?

The following statements highlight the contributions various interventions have had towards road safety.

An estimated 1,500 lives have been saved in the United States since the introduction of airbags in 1987 through 1995. (G. Intas and P. Stergiannis, 2011)

Head side airbags could give a 45 per cent risk of fatality reduction in near-side impact RTIs.Chest side airbags could give 11 per cent risk of fatality reduction in near-side impact RTIs. (S. Moran, 2004)

Investigations have shown that improved side underrun protection systems could reduce fatalities to pedestrians and cyclists by about 45 per cent by filling the open space between wheels on heavy goods vehicles. (A. Avenoso and J. Beckmann, 2005)

Gaps in research

The beneficial effects of good head restraint adjustment could not be clearly demonstrated, even for rear impact victims, where the benefits of a well-adjusted restraint should have been very clear.(R. Minton et al., 1999)

Future research is needed to determine if side airbags reduce the risk of specific injuries (e.g., head and chest injury) (S. Moran, 2004)

The evidence available suggested that the mandatory fitment of Front Underrun Protection has not been demonstrated to result in a reduction in the severity of car occupant casualties in collision with the front of HGVs. However, it is not known whether this is because of inadequate data or a genuine lack of effect. (W. Chislett and T. Robinson, 2010)

No biomechanically based safety regulations exist, mainly as a consequence of the limited (or inconclusive) knowledge available on whiplash. (M. van Ratingen et al., nd)

 

  • Date Added: 03 Apr 2012, 08:18 AM
  • Last Update: 30 Jan 2017, 02:38 PM