Advanced Vehicle Systems

Advanced Vehicle Systems

Summary:

In the past there has been a focus on the development of passive safety (secondary safety) features that are intended to protect vehicle occupants during road traffic incidents (RTIs). More recently there has been a shift towards the development of active safety (primary safety) features that aim to prevent RTIs. Historically, active and passive safety features have been treated separately. However, a more integrated approach is now common, where vehicles are equipped with a range of passive and active safety features. These features work together to firstly reduce the likelihood of an RTI and secondly to reduce the severity of associated injuries if an RTI does occur.

In-vehicle systems which aim to prevent RTIs by autonomous intervention include:

  • Adaptive Cruise Control (ACC);

  • Advanced Adaptive Front Light System (AAFLS);

  • Anti-Lock Braking Systems (ABS);

  • Automated lights;Autonomous driving;

  • Autonomous Emergency Braking System (AEBS);

  • Brake Assist System (BAS);

  • Daylight Running Lights (DRL);

  • VRU detection for heavy vehicles

  • Drowsiness and Distraction Recognition (DDR);
  • Electronic Stability Control (ESC);

  • Emergency Steering Assist;

  • Forward Collision Warning (FCW);

  • High Beam Assist;

  • Junction Assist;

  • Lane Change Assist (LCA);

  • Lane Keeping Assistant (LKA);

  • Intelligent Speed Adaption (ISA);

  • Rear Cross Traffic alert;

  • Rollover Detection;

  • Two Wheeled Motor Vehicle (TWMV) braking systems;

  • Vulnerable Road Users protection (VRU);

  • V2X – Vehicle Communication; and,

  • Youth Key (YK).

Some of the technologies (such as ESC and ISA) have been extensively researched by academic and commercial bodies. Assessments of these technologies suggest that an excellent benefit to cost ratio in terms of road safety can be achieved with their implementation. Consequently, ESC for example has become standard on all new European vehicle models and will be mandatory on all new vehicles from 2014.

Despite the success of some devices it should be noted that the majority of technologies are not common place.

 

  • Date Added: 03 Apr 2012, 08:19 AM
  • Last Update: 21 Aug 2017, 12:19 PM