Safety in Numbers in England

  • Published: CTC, the national cyclists’ organisation, undated
  • Authors: CTC, the national cyclists’ organisation
  • Date Added: 27 Jun 2013
  • Last Update: 27 Jun 2013
  • Format: pdf


The paper reviews the evidence on safety in numbers of cyclists in England and abroad and presents the findings of an analysis contrasting levels of cycling with KSI data. It also presents implications and recommendations for policy on encouraging more cycling.


Brief literature review; quantitative analysis of census 2001 data on cycling to work and KSI data.

Key Findings:

  • Research suggests that a doubling of cycling would lead to a reduction in the risks of cycling by around a third, ie. the increase in cycle use is far higher than the increase in cyclists’ casualties.1 There are plenty of examples to show that steep increases in cycling can go with reductions in cycle casualties.

  • For example, in the UK:

    • London has seen a 91% increase in cycling since 2000 and a 33% fall in cycle casualties since 1994-98. This means that cycling in the city is 2.9 times safer than it was previously.

    • York, comparing 1991/3 and 1996/8: mode share for cycling rose from 15% to 18%, cyclist KSI fell 59% (from 38 to 15).