Key Facts:

  • When cars collide with goods vehicles in excess of 3.5 tonnes maximum permissible gross weight (HGVs) there is a fundamental incompatibility between their structures. In addition, due to HGV’s height vulnerable road users (VRUs) are able to fall or be knocked under the vehicle.

  • 84% of rear impact cases between a car/HGV still underran vehicles where rear underrun protection (RUP) was fitted. This suggests that the current designs are not suitable for preventing underrun in all current accident circumstances.

  • Females are typically involved in fewer collisions when pedal cycling than males. However, female cyclists appear to be overrepresented in the number of fatal collisions involving heavy goods vehicles (HGVs). (Frings et al., 2012).

  • A goods vehicle operator’s licence (or O licence) is required when goods are transported for hire or reward in an HGV.

  • All existing and potential workplace transport operators to be screened for fitness before employment and at five-yearly intervals from age 45.

  • HGV drivers are subject to more stringent eye sight tests than car drivers as they are required to have acceptable vision in both eyes.

  • Drivers are legally required to accurately record their activities (using a tachograph), retain the records and produce them on demand to transport authorities who are charged with enforcing regulations governing drivers' working hours.

  • Vehicles operators and drivers have a duty to ensure they comply with Regulation (EC) 561/2006 relating to Drivers' Hours restrictions which have better road safety as the main intended outcome. Certain operations are exempt from these but are still subject to GB Domestic Driver’s Hours rules which again address the need for rest and overnight breaks.

  • HGVs account for 25% of road traffic emissions in the EU.

  • HGVs had a final MOT fail rate of 10.3%, which is generally less than that of passenger vehicles.


  • Date Added: 03 Apr 2012, 08:20 AM
  • Last Update: 17 May 2017, 10:23 AM