Parking refers either to the act of parking a vehicle or the facilities provided for parking regardless of whether these are on-street or off-street.

It is important to understand pedestrian and driver safety when designing car parks. Guidance is provided for designers by the British Parking Association. However, it is recognised that many local highways authorities maintain their own standards.

On-street parking is abundant in urban and suburban areas, even when driveway parking is available. Chaotic on-street parking and footway parking can cause many problems for both drivers and pedestrians, especially those using pushchairs, wheelchairs and those who are visually impaired.

Footway parking can be discouraged using a number of physical measures such as raised kerbs and bollards, but it is also important to consider how these engineering measures will affect pedestrian and other footway users.

Initiatives educating drivers that footway parking is not acceptable have also been successfully used. Leaflets are left on the offending vehicles outlining the reasons why footway parking is dangerous and outlining the fines that can be incurred.

Parking on ‘School Keep Clear’ zig-zag markings is also a widespread problem. Oxfordshire County Council and Medway Council have introduced schemes aimed at parents. These programmes have included banners, posters, and roadside activities aimed at discouraging illegal parking.

Research related to parking and road safety is far from extensive. Research conducted has been related to on-street parking and its effects on road traffic incidents (RTIs). These effects relate to pedestrians crossing between parked cars and the narrowing of lanes for drivers. Most research suggests that as parking density increases, RTI risk increases for all road users.


  • Date Added: 03 Apr 2012, 08:14 AM
  • Last Update: 27 Jan 2017, 04:09 PM